During Gastric Sleeve Surgery, a part of the stomach is removed and a new sleeve or tube shape is created to restrict the amount of food the patient can eat at one time. This surgery is irreversible and is only successful if the patient changes the way they eat and takes a lifelong commitment to become healthy. It is performed laparoscopically with a few small incisions (1/4 to ½ inch) on the stomach. Surgery typically takes an hour and patients stay in the hospital for approximately two to three days.
Typically weight loss with gastric sleeve is slower than that of a gastric bypass patient. According to the University Of Pittsburgh Medical Center, patients lose 50 to 80 percent of their excess body weight within a year after surgery. Overall, the gastric sleeve surgery will make a patient more full faster, which limits what they eat and in turn, drives them to lose weight.
Many individuals who are extremely obese or have specific health problems are not eligible for gastric bypass surgery. For these patients, the gastric sleeve procedure is done in order to help them lose weight and become healthier, so they can safely endure gastric bypass. This process usually takes two to three years.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
As mentioned before, several small incisions are made on the abdomen in which a laparoscope is inserted. This device has a tiny camera and a light that allows the surgeon to see pictures of inside the stomach on a computer screen. The surgeon will remove about three-quarters of the stomach and create a new stomach in a tube or sleeve shape. This will span from the esophagus to the small intestine. This helps aid digestion and limits the amount of food that is absorbed in the body, leading to weight loss.
After surgery, a patient may feel body aches, temperature changes, changes in energy levels, dry skin or mood changes. They all relate to losing weight rapidly.
Risks of Gastric Sleeve
With any surgery, there are risks. For those partaking in Gastric Sleeve surgery, they may include blood clots, leakages, bleeding or infection. The bariatric surgeon will review all potential complications and risks with a patient prior to surgery.
Before deciding to endure Gastric Sleeve surgery, the risks and the overall changes made to one’s life should be considered. Choosing weight loss surgery means one is committed to a lifelong journey of eating healthy food and being active.